GRACE GREENWOOD(1823-1904) aka Sarah J. Clarke or Mrs. Leander Lippincott
Having grown up in and around Rochester, New York, Sarah Clarke first published her poems in Rochester newspapers; soon thereafter Nathaniel Willis began to solicit her work for his periodicals New Mirror and Home Journal. As she contributed more frequently to the widely-read magazines of her day, she adopted the pseudonym "Grace Greenwood" both in print and, eventually, in her personal life as well.
In 1849 she took on an editorial position at Louis Godey's Godey's Lady’s Book,
but Godey, determined to keep his periodical politically neutral, fired her
after she published an antislavery tract in the National Era. Continuing to write for the National Era and the Saturday Evening Post from
Joining the lecture circuits in the 1850s, she spoke on
the need for peace, prison reform, and the abolition of capital punishment.
During the Civil War she sold her writing to raise money for the U.S.
Sanitary Commission and frequently lectured to patriotic organizations and
troops, earning the title "Grace Greenwood the Patriot" from
President Lincoln. After the war she resumed her residence in
In 1853, she married Leander Lippincott. Their marriage crumbled as his infidelities became fodder for gossip columnists. The couple had one child, a daughter named Annie, at whose home Grace Greenwood died of bronchitis in 1904.
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